The generation of high-power electromagnetic (HPEM) fields and their effects on electronic components are gaining considerable interest in the last years, mostly because those components and subsystems are essential parts of aircraft, communication and IT structures, electrical vehicles, industrial automation and power grids, just to name a few areas. These systems can control safety-critical functions in several civilian and military fields. Therefore, the investigation of vulnerabilities on electric and electronic systems are essential not only to comprehend how those systems could fail, cause damage or economic losses but also understand how to protect those systems against electromagnetic threats.
Several interactions of electrical and electronic systems occur with adjacent system and its surroundings, and the effects caused by those interactions are summarized under the term electromagnetic interference (EMI). Those effects are wide and go from a simple failure, like false display indication, until the destruction of components and systems.
It is important to mention that interferences can be subdivided into unwanted and intentional interferences, into artificial and natural interference sources, as well as different intensities, as shown in the diagram below.
Some reported issues related to EM interference are listed below: